Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid | 12th Chemistry Notes

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid is an essential chapter. Download Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid pdf. Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid are hydrocarbon compounds. These compounds are some of the most commonly used compounds. Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid are also carbonyl compounds.

Do you know, what is carbonyl compounds? Describe it with examples in brief.

Carbonyl Compounds:- Those hydrocarbon compounds in which the carbonyl functional group is present, known as carbonyl compounds. Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid compounds are made by carbonyl compounds. So, all the Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid compounds are examples of carbonyl compounds.

Do you know, How do you identify the carbonyl compounds as well as what is the general formula of carbonyl compounds?

Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid

The method of identifying carbonyl compounds depends on the general formula of carbonyl compounds. Before you learned the general formula of carbonyl compounds, you know about carbonyl functional group as well as carbonyl compounds types. According to the class 12 chemistry, Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid are important types of carbonyl compounds. In NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12, you will learn the Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acids in brief. These are parts of carbonyl compounds.

aldehyde-ketone-and-carboxylic-acid-class-12-chemistry-notes
aldehyde-ketone-and-carboxylic-acid-class-12-chemistry-notes

Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid Notes

Now, we are ready for learning about Aldehyde Ketone and Carboxylic Acid in brief. As we know, it is the 3rd chapter of the organic chemistry unit of class 12 chemistry. Learn the Haloalkanes and Haloarenes as well as Alcohol Phenol and Ether Class 12 Chapter Notes.

What is Aldehyde with examples? or What do you mean by Aldehyde, describe it with examples in brief?

Aldehyde:- It is a hydrocarbon compound in which the carbonyl functional group shares a single bond with hydrogen as well as the alkyl or aryl group. In other words, It is an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon compound that is derived from the (-CHO) functional group.

What is the general formula of the aldehyde hydrocarbon compound?

The general formula of aldehyde depends on its type. When aldehyde is aliphatic, the general formula is R-CHO but if aldehyde is aromatic, the general formula is Ar-CHO. In it, R and Ar denote the alkyl and aryl groups, respectively. Now, you will read the examples of aldehydes in brief.

Examples of Aldehydes

Aldehyde’s NamesChemical Formula
FormaldehydeHCHO
AcetaldehydeCH3CHO
BenzaldehydeC6H5CHO
PropanalC2H5CHO
n-ButanalC3H7CHO
Examples of aldehydes

What is Ketone with examples? or What do you mean by ketone, describe it with examples in brief?

Ketone:- It is a hydrocarbon compound in which the carbonyl functional group shares a single bond with the alkyl or aryl group. In other words, It is an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon compound that is derived from the carbonyl functional group and alkyl or aryl group.

What is the general formula of the ketone hydrocarbon compound?

The general formula of ketone depends on its type. When ketone is aliphatic, the general formula is R-CO-R” but if ketone is aromatic, the general formula is Ar-CO-Ar. In it, R and Ar denote the alkyl and aryl groups, respectively. Now, you will read the examples of ketone in brief.

Examples of Ketones

Ketone’s NamesChemical Formula
PropanoneCH3COCH3
ButanoneCH3COC2H5
3-PentanoneC2H5COC2H5
2-PentanoneCH3COC3H7
2-HexanoneC4H9COCH3
Examples of Ketones

What is a carboxylic acid with examples? or What do you mean by carboxylic acids, describe it with examples in brief?

Carboxylic Acids:- It is a hydrocarbon compound in which the carbonyl functional group shares a single bond with Hydroxyl functional group and also the alkyl or aryl group. In other words, It is an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon compound that is derived from the carbonyl and hydroxyl functional group and alkyl or aryl group.

What is the general formula of the carboxylic acid hydrocarbon compound?

The general formula of Carboxylic Acids depends on their type. When the carboxylic acid is aliphatic, the general formula is R-COOH but if carboxylic acid is aromatic, the general formula is Ar-COOH. In it, R and Ar denote the alkyl and aryl groups, respectively. Now, you will read the examples of ketone in brief.

Examples of Carboxylic Acids

Carboxylic acid’s NamesChemical Formula
Acetic AcidCH3COOH
Propionic acidC2H5COOH
Butanoic acidC3H7COOH
Pentanoic acidC4H9COOH
Hexanoic acidC5H11COOH
Examples of carboxylic acid

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