The P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download – NCERT Solutions

Hello, It’s time to learn the most important topic of Class 12 Chemistry Chapter “P block Elements” Pdf Download. As we know, this chapter is a part of the inorganic chemistry of class 12 chemistry. You can download the p block elements class 12 chapter notes pdf.

The elements from groups 13 to 18 in the periodic table are p-Block elements. They have a valence shell electronic configuration ns2 np1–6. Since we have already discussed group 13 and 14 elements in the previous class, therefore, we will be covering the remaining groups of p-Block elements in this chapter.

You can also learn the d and f block elements Class 12 Notes of 12th chemistry.

P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download

Do you know, what are the p block elements of class 12th chemistry?

According to the Book of NCERT, in the P block Elements Chapter, the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th groups of modern periodic tables are learned by all of you in this chapter in brief. The definition of P block elements – That element whose electronic configuration is ended with the p sub orbit, are called p block elements. This Chapter is the 7th chapter of the Class 12 Chemistry of NCERT Book.

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According to the law of the Modern Periodic table of Elements of General Chemistry. The p block is divided into six groups. All the elements of the P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download are about non-metals except some. The name of the group of P block elements is such as – Carbon Family, Boron Family, Nitrogen Family, Phosphorus Family, etc.

P Block elements Class 12 NCERT Solutions PDF

In this article, we will discuss only those p block elements’ group which is important for the Class 12 Chemistry Board exam. Now, I explain one by one of the P block elements groups.

The 1st group of P block Elements Chapter of Class 12 that will learn in Class 12 is Nitrogen Family. In another word, we can say the Nitrogen Family is the 1st group of P block elements which is learned in class 12 but it is not the 1st group of P block elements of general chemistry. 1st group of the P block elements of general chemistry is Boron Family which is learned in Class 11 Chemistry.

Nitrogen Family or 15th Group Family

At this time, there are 5 elements in Nitrogen Family or the 15th group family. The 1st element of this group is Nitrogen so we call it Nitrogen Family. The Elements Name, Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Melting Point, and the boiling point of all Nitrogen Family Members.

Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, and Bismuth. Nitrogen and Phosphorus are Non-metal, Arsenic and Antimony are metalloids and Bismuth are metal elements.

The Electronic Configuration of Nitrogen is 1s2 2s2 2p3. This is P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

P-block elements Class 12 NCERT PDF

The Electronic Configuration of Phosphorus is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Arsenic is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p3. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Antimony is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Bismuth is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p3. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

p-block-elements-class-12-notes-pdf-download
p-block-elements-class-12-notes-pdf-download

Oxygen Family or 16th Group Family

Four elements are important elements of the oxygen family for your board exam. The 1st element of this group is Oxygen so we call it Oxygen Family. The Elements Name, Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Melting Point, and the boiling point of all Oxygen Family Members.

Oxygen, Sulphur, Selenium, Tellurium, and Polonium. Oxygen and Sulphur are Non-metal, Selenium and Tellurium are metalloids and Polonium are metal elements.

The Electronic Configuration of Oxygen is 1s2 2s2 2p4. This is a P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Sulphur is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4. This is also a P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

P block elements class 12 ncert solutions pdf

The Electronic Configuration of Selenium is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p4. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Tellurium is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p4. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Polonium is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p4. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

Fluorine Family or 17th Group Family

Four elements are important elements of the Fluorine family for your board exam. The 1st element of this group is Fluorine so we call it Fluorine Family. The Elements Name, Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Melting Point, and the boiling point of all Fluorine Family Members.

Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, and Astatine. Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine are Non-metal, and Astatine is metalloids.

The Electronic Configuration of Fluorine is 1s2 2s2 2p5. This is a P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Chlorine is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

P block elements class 12 ncert solutions pdf download

The Electronic Configuration of Bromine is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Iodine is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Astatine is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p5. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

Noble Gas Family or 18th Group Family

Six elements are important elements of the Noble Gas family for your board exam. All the elements of this group are Noble Gas so we call it Noble Gas Family. The Elements Name, Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Melting Point, and the boiling point of all Noble Gas Family Members.

Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radon. Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radon all are Non-metal.

The Electronic Configuration of Helium is 1s2. This is a P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Neon is 1s2 2s2 2p6. This is also a P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download

The Electronic Configuration of Argon is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Krypton is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Xenon is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6. This is also a p block element because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

The Electronic Configuration of Radon is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p6. This is also a P block Elements Class 12 Pdf Download because its last sub orbit is p sub orbit.

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